Table 1

Cohort demographics

n=108
Age (median, IQR)37.5 (27.5–52)
 % 18–40 years56
 % 41–64 years32
 % ≥65 years12
Male gender (%)77
Race* (%)
 White48
 Black19
 Other33
Hispanic ethnicity* (%)24
Mechanism of injury (%)
 Blunt trauma71
 Penetrating trauma29
Vitals at presentation (median, IQR)
 GCS15 (13–15)
 Systolic blood pressure130 (115–143)
 % ≤90 mm Hg5
 Heart rate96 (84–112)
 % ≥120 beats/min17
Labs at presentation (median, IQR)
 PT (s)/INR10 (9.5–10.6)/1.09 (1.04–1.17)
 % INR >1.56
 Platelet count (×109/L)251 (209–300)
 % <150×109/L11
 Base excess (mmol/L)0 (−4 to 2)
 % ≤−6 mmol/L17
Injury Severity Score (ISS) (median, IQR)10 (4–25)
 % ISS 0–1460
 % ISS 15–2414
 % ISS ≥2526
Transfused at 6 hours (%)30
Transfused at 24 hours (%)31
  • *As self-reported by patient or family where required.

  • GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; INR, international normalized ratio; PT, prothrombin time.