Table 1

Non-infectious causes of fever in the intensive care unit

SystemEtiology
CardiovascularDeep venous thrombosis
Pericarditis
Myocardial infarction
Thrombophlebitis
NeurologicalStroke
Traumatic brain injury
Seizure
Intracranial hemorrhage
EndocrineAdrenal insufficiency
Hyperthyroidism
GastrointestinalAcalculous cholecystitis
Ischemic bowel
Hepatitis
Pancreatitis
RespiratoryAcute respiratory distress syndrome
Pneumonitis
Pulmonary embolism
OtherAutoimmune disorders
Blood product transfusion
Drug/Alcohol withdrawal
Drug fever
Fat embolism
Hematoma
Malignancy
Postoperative fever