Table 1

Contamination considerations

Type of contaminationAntibiotic recommendationsAdditional considerations
Water contaminationShort course, 3–5 days
Salt water
  • Doxycycline and ceftazidime

  • Fluoroquinolone


Freshwater
  • Ciprofloxacin

  • Levofloxacin

  • Third or fourth-generation cephalosporin

  • Vibrio

  • Aeromonas

  • Pseudomonas

Soil contaminationShort course, 3–5 days
  • High-dose penicillin

  • Clostridium sp

  • Farm-related injuries

Mammalian bites (human, dog, or cat)Short course, 3–5 days
  • Amoxicillin-clavulanate

  • Clindamycin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for penicillin-allergic patients