Table 2

Physiologic and clinical data of hemorrhagic shock patients (n=403) categorized by resuscitation type

Crystalloid-based (n=278)Blood product (n=39)No resuscitation (n=86)P value
Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
Polytrauma (%, n)44.6 (124)51.3 (20)4.7 (4)<0.001**
GCS15 (14–15)15 (8–15)15 (15–15)<0.001**
Missing (%, n)0.7 (2)00
HEAIS3 (3–4)4 (3–5)1 (1–2)<0.001**
Missing (%, n)2.2 (6)02.3 (2)
Arrival HR (bpm)94 (75–107)96 (81–113)78 (65–93)<0.001**
Missing (%, n)2.5 (7)5.1 (2)3.5 (3)
Arrival SBP (mm Hg)90 (80–96)88 (72–96)94 (85–97)0.003**
Hgb (g/dL)11.4 (10.4–13.1)8.0 (6.8–9.1)10.6 (10.4–10.8)<0.001**
Missing (%, n)76.6 (213)28.2 (11)97.6 (84)
Change in HR (bpm)−4 (−15 to +5)−5 (−28 to +16)+4 (−8 to +6)0.50
Missing (%, n)52.9 (147)23.1 (9)94.2 (81)
Change in SBP (mm Hg)+12 (+2 to +28)+9 (−2 to +21)0 (−4 to +3)0.04*
Missing (%, n)52.5 (146)20.5 (8)94.2 (81)
Time to treatment (min)12 (7–22)131 (70–240)<0.001**
Missing (%, n)4.0 (11)23.1 (9)
Disposition (%, n)
Discharged home26.3 (73)20.5 (8)90.7 (78)
Admitted ward18.3 (51)12.8 (5)2.3 (2)
Admitted ICU2.2 (6)5.1 (2)0
Direct to OR7.2 (20)20.5 (8)1.2 (1)
Died14.0 (39)28.2 (11)2.3 (2)
Left AMA23.7 (66)10.3 (4)1.2 (1)
Transferred7.2 (20)2.6 (1)1.2 (1)
Other/missing1.1 (3)01.2 (1)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01.

  • AMA, against medical advice; bpm, beats per minute; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; HEAIS, Highest Estimated Abbreviated Injury Scale; Hgb, hemoglobin; HR, heart rate; ICU, intensive care unit; n, number of patients; OR, operating room; SBP, systolic blood pressure.