Table 1

Patient demographics and discharge disposition

Population (n=110)
Age (mean±SD) (years)9.6±5.6
Male (n, %)69 (62.7)
Female (n, %)41 (27.3)
BMI (mean±SD)23.2±18.2
Time from injury to C-spine MRI (mean±SD) (hours)22.2±19.4
Time from injury to C-spine FE radiography (mean±SD) (hours)605±905.9
Length of PICU stay (mean±SD) (hours)208.0±267.2
Length of hospital stay (mean±SD) (days)8.7±12.8
Injury type(n=103)
 Accidental (n, %)91 (88.4)
 Non-accidental (n, %)12 (11.7)
Trauma level(n=57)
 Level 1 (n, %)32 (56.1)
 Level 2 (n, %)25 (43.9)
ED presentation
 GCS (median, IQR)15.0, 3.5
 Injury Severity Score (median, IQR)9, 13
 Head Injury Severity Score (median, IQR)5, 3
Neurological deficit (n, %)60 (54.5)
Neck pain (n, %)60 (54.5)
Skull fracture (n, %)30 (27.3)
Loss of consciousness (n, %)22 (20.0)
Tracheostomy placement (n, %)4 (3.6)
Other bodily injury (n, %)47 (42.7)
Discharge disposition
 Home (n, %)88 (80.0)
 Rehabilitation (n, %)10 (9.1)
 Death (n, %)3 (2.7)
 Other (n, %)9 (8.2)
Insurance type
 Private (n, %)82 (74.5)
 Medicaid (n, %)12 (10.9)
 No fault (n, %)4 (3.6)
 Other (n, %)8 (7.3)
 Self-pay (n, %)4 (7.3)
  • Patient demographics at presentation and discharge disposition. Rates of injury type (n=103), trauma level (n=57), and length of PICU stay (n=54) were calculated for the specified number of patients for whom data were provided. Time from injury to C-spine MRI (n=47) and to C-spine FE radiography (n=27) were calculated for those patients for whom an estimated time of initial injury was provided. Continuous data are presented as mean (±SD); ordinal data are presented as median and IQR (3rd quartile–1st quartile).

  • BMI, body mass index; C-spine, cervical spine; ED, emergency department; FE, flexion-extension; GCS, Glasgow Coma Score; PICU, pediatric intensive care unit.