Population (n=110) | |

Age (mean±SD) (years) | 9.6±5.6 |

Male (n, %) | 69 (62.7) |

Female (n, %) | 41 (27.3) |

BMI (mean±SD) | 23.2±18.2 |

Time from injury to C-spine MRI (mean±SD) (hours) | 22.2±19.4 |

Time from injury to C-spine FE radiography (mean±SD) (hours) | 605±905.9 |

Length of PICU stay (mean±SD) (hours) | 208.0±267.2 |

Length of hospital stay (mean±SD) (days) | 8.7±12.8 |

Injury type | (n=103) |

Accidental (n, %) | 91 (88.4) |

Non-accidental (n, %) | 12 (11.7) |

Trauma level | (n=57) |

Level 1 (n, %) | 32 (56.1) |

Level 2 (n, %) | 25 (43.9) |

ED presentation | |

GCS (median, IQR) | 15.0, 3.5 |

Injury Severity Score (median, IQR) | 9, 13 |

Head Injury Severity Score (median, IQR) | 5, 3 |

Neurological deficit (n, %) | 60 (54.5) |

Neck pain (n, %) | 60 (54.5) |

Skull fracture (n, %) | 30 (27.3) |

Loss of consciousness (n, %) | 22 (20.0) |

Tracheostomy placement (n, %) | 4 (3.6) |

Other bodily injury (n, %) | 47 (42.7) |

Discharge disposition | |

Home (n, %) | 88 (80.0) |

Rehabilitation (n, %) | 10 (9.1) |

Death (n, %) | 3 (2.7) |

Other (n, %) | 9 (8.2) |

Insurance type | |

Private (n, %) | 82 (74.5) |

Medicaid (n, %) | 12 (10.9) |

No fault (n, %) | 4 (3.6) |

Other (n, %) | 8 (7.3) |

Self-pay (n, %) | 4 (7.3) |

Patient demographics at presentation and discharge disposition. Rates of injury type (n=103), trauma level (n=57), and length of PICU stay (n=54) were calculated for the specified number of patients for whom data were provided. Time from injury to C-spine MRI (n=47) and to C-spine FE radiography (n=27) were calculated for those patients for whom an estimated time of initial injury was provided. Continuous data are presented as mean (±SD); ordinal data are presented as median and IQR (3rd quartile–1st quartile).

BMI, body mass index; C-spine, cervical spine; ED, emergency department; FE, flexion-extension; GCS, Glasgow Coma Score; PICU, pediatric intensive care unit.