Table 1

Baseline demographic comparison of the AC and AP cohorts

Entire cohort (N=26)Full (n=4)Prophylactic+AP (n=10)Prophylactic (n=8)None (n=4)
Demographics and clinical variables
Age (years)26 (16–51)24 (22–26)25 (16–57)29 (20–51)24 (16–28)
Male (%)26 (100)4 (100)10 (100)8 (100)4 (100)
BMI (kg/m2)24.4 (19.7–45.6)24.4 (19.9–30.9)26.3 (19.7–45.6)22.3 (18.9–47.0)24.4 (23.6–28.1)
Penetrating (%)24 (92)4 (100)9 (90)9 (100)3 (75)
ISS22 (9–38)21 (10–34)22 (9–34)18 (9–38)27 (9–43)
AIS score of abdomen4 (3–5)4 (3–5)4 (3–5)4 (3–5)3 (3–4)
Trauma exsanguination protocol (%)17 (71), n=243 (75)6 (67), n=95 (71), n=73 (75)
Operative management
Surgical intervention (%)24 (92)4 (100)9 (90)9 (100)*3 (75)
Postoperative outcomes
IVC filter (%)5 (19)0 (0)2 (20)2 (22)1 (25)
Mortality (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
  • All values are n (%) or median (IQR).

  • There was no significant difference between the treatment groups with regard to baseline demographics.

  • *One patient required surgical intervention, but the retroperitoneum was not explored.

  • AC, anticoagulation; AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; AP, antiplatelet; BMI, body mass index; ISS, Injury Severity Score; IVC, inferior vena cava.