Table 2

Injury and hospitalization characteristics stratified by non-violent traumatic injury vs. violent traumatic injury (with and without service use). Intentional and non-intentional vehicular assaults (MVC and MCC) are shown

All patients*
(n=1231)
VOCARP service use?P value†
Yes (n=1019)No (n=212)
Mechanism of injury
 GSW343 (27.9%)265 (26.0%)78 (36.8%)0.002
 Stabbing78 (6.3%)63 (6.2%)15 (7.1%)0.64
 Physical assault544 (44.2%)460 (45.1%)84 (39.6%)0.15
 Sexual assault59 (4.8%)42 (4.1%)17 (8.0%)0.021
 Domestic violence91 (7.4%)79 (7.8%)12 (5.7%)0.39
 Human/animal bite20 (1.6%)20 (2.0%)0 (0%)0.035
 MVC/MCC27 (2.2%)27 (2.7%)0 (0%)0.009
 Other intentional vehicular assault48 (3.9%)44 (4.3%)4 (1.9%)0.12
 Other21 (1.7%)19 (1.9%)2 (0.9%)0.56
Hospital LOS (days)3.6±9.43.7±10.13.4±6.20.68
  • Bold denotes statistical significance.

  • *Here, all patients do not include the additional control group who sustained non-intentional/non-violent trauma due to different mechanisms of injury.

  • †P values represent univariate statistical comparisons between VOCARP service users and non-users.

  • GSW, gunshot wound; LOS, length of stay; MCC, motorcycle collision; MVC, motor vehicle collision; VOCARP, Victims of Crime Advocacy and Recovery Program.