Table 2

Nature of shark-related injuries treated at The Queen’s Medical Center

Single site7
Multiple sites5
 Two sites4
 Three sites1
Most severe level of injury per patient
 Skin or soft tissue injury1
 Tendon/muscle/bone injury8
 Major vascular injury, includes isolated vascular injuries and amputations3
Upper limb injuries, most proximal extent8
 Upper arm0
Lower limb injuries, most proximal extent9
 Lower leg4
Vascular injury*
 Ulnar artery†1
 Anterior tibial artery‡1
 Below the knee†2
 Above the knee1
Nerve injury*
 Ulnar nerve2
 Radial nerve2
 Median nerve1
 Lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve1
 Peroneal nerve1
Shark-induced trauma level, n (%)
 Level 51 (8.3)
 Level 43 (25)
 Level 34 (33)
 Level 24 (33)
 Level 10 (0)
  • *Excluding traumatic and secondary amputation.

  • †One patient had a traumatic BKA and ulnar artery injury (see figure 3).

  • ‡One patient had ipsilateral anterior and posterior tibial artery injuries. Revascularization was unsuccessful and necessitated secondary BKA. The contralateral leg had an anterior tibial artery injury (see figure 2).

  • BKA, below knee amputation.