Table 4

Adherence to the protocol and clinical outcomes by specialty

AdherenceTotalSpecialtyP value
SurgeonResidentPediatrics
Complete0000
A8 (12.5)3 (9.4)5 (22.7)00.1911
B11 (17.2)6 (18.8)4 (18.2)1 (10.0)1.0001
C38 (59.4)20 (62.5)11 (50.0)7 (70.0)0.5131
D61 (95.3)31 (96.9)22 (100.0)8 (80.0)0.0611
E12 (18.8)3 (9.4)4 (18.2)5 (50.0)0.0191
Vital data1 (1.6)001 (10.0)0.1562
% adhesion34.132.834.936.70.8211
Outcome
 Exams2.3+1.72.6±1.72.5±1.41.1±1.90.0133
 LOS (days)2.6+8.00.7±1.71.0±4.711.4±16.30.1123
 PICU (days)0.6+3.1003.7±7.1
 Blood (units)0.1+0.4000.4±1.0
 MV time (days)0.1+0.9000.7±2.2
 Death0000
  • Statistical tests: 1—analysis of variance, 2—Fisher’s exact test, 3—Kruskal-Wallis test.

  • Adherence column results represented by absolute number and mean in parentheses. Except for % adhesion. Per cent adhesion means average number of steps performed during primary survey.

  • Outcome column results represented by mean and SD.

  • ABCDE, trauma steps assessment (table 1); LOS, length of staying; MV, mechanical ventilation; PICU, pediatric intensive care unit.