Table 2

In-hospital outcomes of patients with traumatic rib fractures

OutcomeTotal patientsPolytrauma (ISS >16)Elderly (>65 years)Isolated thoracic traumaFlail chestType of injury
YesNoYesNoYesNoYesNoBluntPenetrating
n=564 798n=253 564n=311 234n=161 579n=403 219n=350 898n=213 900n=23 388n=541 410n=539 422n=16 179
HLOS5 (3–9)7 (4–14)4 (2–6)5 (3–9)5 (2–9)4 (2–7)7 (4–15)9 (4–17)5 (3–9)5 (3–9)6 (2–12)
ICU admission279 615 (49.5)175 120 (69.1)104 772 (33.7)80 424 (49.8)199 138 (49.5)128 932 (36.7)150 960 (70.6)16 695 (71.4)263 197 (48.6)265 716 (49.2)9769 (60.4)
ILOS4 (2–8)4 (2–10)3 (2–5)4 (2–7)4 (2–8)3 (2–5)4 (2–10)6 (3–15)3 (2–7)4 (2–8)3 (2–7)
Need for IMV146 191 (25.9)104 712 (41.3)41 479 (13.3)35 975 (22.3)110 216 (27.3)55 010 (15.7)91 181 (42.6)11 151 (47.7)135 040 (24.9)136 811 (25.4)6836 (42.3)
Duration IMV4 (2–11)5 (2–12)3 (1–7)5 (2–12)4 (2–11)3 (2–9)5 (2–12)8 (3–15)4 (2–11)5 (2–12)2 (1–6)
Mortality31 524 (5.6)26 898 (10.6)4626 (1.5)12 239 (7.6)19 285 (4.8)7347 (2.1)24 177 (11.3)3039 (13.0)28 485 (5.3)29 014 (5.3)1964 (12.1)
  • All categorical and dichotomous variables are presented as number (%).

  • All continuous variables are presented as median (IQR).

  • HLOS, hospital length of stay; ICU, intensive care unit; ILOS, ICU length of stay; IMV, invasive mechanical ventilation; ISS, Injury Severity Score.