Table 3

Assessment of sarcopenia

Muscle characteristics assessedMorphology adjustmentStudies, n
Skeletal muscle index
(SMI; cm2/m2)
Height8
Cross-sectional area
(CSA; cm2)
None7
Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM)-to-height ratio (kg/m2)Height1
Psoas:lumbar vertebral indexL4 vertebral body area1
Thickness, area, volumeNone1
  • ASMM, appendicular skeletal muscle mass; CSA, cross-sectional area; SMI, skeletal muscle index.