Table 1

Characteristics of patients undergoing OR vs. ED REBOA placement

TotalOR REBOAED REBOAP value
(n=305)(n=58)(n=247)
Age39 (26–57)32.5 (22–51)40.5 (27–58)0.01
Sex0.92
 Male233 (76.4)44 (75.8)189 (76.5)
 Female72 (23.6)14 (24.2)58 (23.5)
Mechanism<0.001
 Penetrating59 (19.3)21 (36.3)38 (15.4)
 Blunt243 (79.6)37 (63.7)206 (83.4)
ISS34 (25–42)34 (25–45)0.38
Admission SBP82 (49–114)110 (80–130)80 (0–111)<0.001
Admission HR106 (69–130)114 (92–132)101 (52–129)0.04
Admission GCS score3 (3–13)7 (3–15)3 (3–9)<0.001
Admission lactate8.2 (5–11.8)6.5 (3.9–10.8)8.2 (5.2–12.1)0.05
Prehospital CPR89 (29.1)2 (3.4)87 (35.2)<0.001
Time from admission to AO (min)25 (15–46)75 (36–110)23 (14–27)<0.001
Time to definitive hemorrhage control91 (53–165)116 (78–172)79 (48–155)0.01
Occlusion time (min)32 (12.5–66)33 (11–67)30 (15–63)0.61
pRBC (units)12 (6–25)16 (8–28)12 (5–22)0.06
Acute kidney injury57 (18.7)10 (17.2)47 (19.0)0.75
Mortality191 (62.6)21 (36.2)170 (68.8)<0.001
  • Data for non-parametric continuous variables expressed as median (IQR); categorical values expressed as n (%).

  • AO, aortic occlusion;CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ED, emergency department; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; HR, heart rate; ISS, Injury Severity Score;OR, operating room; pRBC, packed red blood cells; REBOA, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta; SBP, systolic blood pressure.