Table 3

Patient characteristics and outcomes of included studies

Author (year)Age (years)Injury type, n (%)Surgery on ECMOECMO centerDays to cannulationIndication for cannulationSurvival, n (%)
Watson et al (2017)5<1–1816 (44)6 (17)4 (11)NAAdult/pediatricNANA21 (58)
Skarda et al (2012)18–172 (66)1 (33)ICP monitor, ORIFPediatric<1–21ARDS, n=2
Cardiovascular collapse, n=1
3 (100)
Fortenberry et al (2003)81–185 (100)No, priorPediatric2–10ARDS, n=4
Cardiovascular collapse, n=1
4 (80)
Steiner et al (1991)4NA6 (43)8 (57)No, priorPediatricNAARDS, n=14
Cardiovascular collapse, n=0
7 (50)
  • ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; ICP, intracranial pressure; NA, not available; ORIF, open reduction internal fixation.