Table 1

Patient demographics, resuscitation, and outcome parameters

Total cohort
(n=241)
No ARDS
(n=66)
ARDS
(n=15)
P value
Demographics
 Age (years)45 (27–59)37 (23–56)38 (25–58)0.67
 Gender (% male)178 (74)40 (61)15 (100)0.003*
 MOI (% blunt)232 (96)62 (94)15 (100)0.33
 ISS29 (22–36)25 (19–29)30 (26–41)0.01*
 AIS head3 (1–4)3 (0–4)2 (0–4)0.13
 AIS face0 (0–2)0 (0–1)0 (0–2)0.70
 AIS chest3 (2–4)3 (1–3)4 (3–4)0.04*
 AIS abdomen1 (0–3)1 (0–2)2 (0–3)0.57
 AIS extremities/pelvis2 (1–3)2 (0–3)3 (0–3)0.20
 AIS external0 (0–1)0 (0–1)1 (0–1)0.62
 Pelvic fracture75 (31)21 (32)4 (27)0.70
 Urgent laparotomy61 (25)16 (24)6 (40)0.22
Resuscitation
 Crystalloids (L)
  <8 hours4.7 (2.6–6.5)4.5 (1.5–5.9)4.9 (2.0–7.0)0.33
  <24 hours7.6 (5.3–10.4)6.8 (3.3–9.5)8.7 (5.9–12.8)0.03*
 PRBC (U)
  <8 hours1 (0–4)0 (0–3)3 (0–7)0.18
  <24 hours1 (1–6)1 (0–3)3 (0–9)0.24
 FFP (U)
  <8 hours0 (0–4)0 (0–2)2 (0–4)0.05
  <24 hours0 (0–5)0 (0–2)3 (0–4)0.04*
 PLT (U)†
  <8 hours0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–1)0.01*
  <24 hours0 (0–1)0 (0–0)0 (0–2)0.02*
Outcome
 Ventilator days7 (3–12)2 (1–3)11 (6–17)<0.001*
 ICU-LOS (days)8 (4–14)3 (2–4)12 (8–19)<0.001*
 H-LOS (days)23 (14–34)15 (10–23)33 (14–43)0.004*
 MODS76 (32)2 (3)6 (40)<0.001*
 Mortality31 (13)2 (3)3 (20)0.01*
  • Data are expressed as median (IQR) or absolute number (%).

  • *Statistically significant.

  • †1 unit of platelets contains five donors.

  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; ARDS, Acute Respiratory Dysfunction Syndrome; FFP, fresh frozen plasma; H-LOS, hospital length of stay;ICU-LOS, intensive care unit length of stay; ISS, Injury Severity Score; MODS, Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome; MOI, mechanism of injury; PLT, platelet; PRBC, packed red blood cells.