Table 3

Intraoperative fluid administered

Patients requiring 0u pRBC
(n=237)
Patients requiring 1u–4u pRBC
(n=143)
Patients requiring ≥5u pRBC
(n=82)
Patients receiving crystalloid
 Normal saline (%)637278
 Lactated Ringer’s solution (%)858063
 Normosol (%)213132
Total crystalloid volume (L)2.5 (1.8, 3.25)2.7 (1.9, 3.8)2.5 (1.8, 3,7)
pRBC (u)0 (0, 0)3 (2, 3)*10 (7, 17)*†
Fresh frozen plasma (u)0 (0, 0)2 (1, 3)*9 (7, 16)*†
Platelets (u)0 (0, 0)0 (0, 0)2 (1, 3)*†
Received albumin, n (%)39 (16)32 (22)24 (29)*
Breakdown of crystalloid used
 Normal saline (%)333748*
 Lactated Ringer’s solution (%)594938*
 Normosol (%)81414
Number of crystalloids used
 Median2 (1, 2)2 (1, 2)2 (1, 2)
 0 (%)014
 1 (%)443035
 2 (%)485144
 3 (%)81817
Time to fluid administration
 Normal saline (min)5 (5, 5)5 (5, 5)5 (5, 5)
 Lactated Ringer’s solution (min)5 (5, 5)5 (5, 5)5 (5, 5)
 Normosol (min)55 (35, 80)65 (21, 100)70 (43, 95)
  • Data presented as percentage or median (25th percentile, 75th percentile).

  • *P<0.05 vs. 0 pRBC.

  • †P<0.05 vs. 1–4 pRBC.

  • pRBC, packed red blood cells; u, unit.